The World Health Organisation has passed legislation which means being transgender will no longer be categorised as a mental health condition.
I have to admit, I ignorantly assumed the link between being transgender and having a mental disorder had been abolished long ago – it certainly should have been.
Shockingly it has actually taken until 2019 for the World Health Organisation to remove transgender from their list of mental disorders, but thankfully the day has finally come.
On May 25 the World Health Assembly, the WHO governing body which represents 194 member states, approved the update to its International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, a manual used globally to diagnose diseases.
In the International Classification of Diseases #ICD11, transgender is no longer considered a mental disorder, but is classified under sexual health conditions. This should reduce stigma and improve care.https://t.co/HxH0V4DqwUpic.twitter.com/nGQ78oev0h
— World Health Organization (WHO) (@WHO) April 18, 2019
The new diagnostic guidelines will no longer describe gender nonconformity as a mental disorder. It will reframe ‘gender identity disorders’ as ‘gender incongruence’, and move it from the mental disorders list to a chapter on sexual health.
Evolution in the scientific understanding of gender has been key in changing perceptions of those who identify as transgender, but the change is also thanks to numerous advocates and transgender activists around the world who have been speaking up for the lives of trans people.
Every bigot everywhere: “Transgender is a mental disorder!”
2019: Oops. Not according to the World Health Organization. Bye, girl.🤷♀️ https://t.co/2uKhCMumSr
— Amanda Jette Knox (@MavenOfMayhem) May 27, 2019
Graeme Reid, LGBT rights director at Human Rights Watch, spoke in a statement about the change to the list of mental disorders, explaining how it’s a positive step for the LGBTQ+ community.
The WHO’s removal of “gender identity disorder” from its diagnostic manual will have a liberating effect on transgender people worldwide. Governments should swiftly reform national medical systems and laws that require this now officially outdated diagnosis.
Governments around the world were able to use the previous classification as the basis for discriminatory policies which required diagnosis and sometimes other medical procedures before transgender people could be recognised before the law.
Reid went on to say the discrimination trans people face is in part down to the classification of transgender as a mental disorder and pointed out how, in turn, the stigma can be the cause of suffering.
some positive news to brighten up your Monday: WHO (World Health Organisation) have removed transgender as a mental disorder, meaning transgender people are no longer classified as “mentally ill” ✨🌈 #TransRightsAreHumanRights
— C A I 🌱 L I N (@caitlinallins0n) May 27, 2019
The LGBT rights director continued:
Transgender people are fighting stigma and discrimination that can be traced in part to medical systems that have historically diagnosed expressions of gender non-conformity as a mental pathology.
But it’s the stigma, discrimination, and bullying—and not anything inherent in gender nonconformity—that can inflict mental health problems in transgender people.
Congratulations to all who fought tirelessly for this for so many years. I hope @WHO has a plan to roll this out and spread the word in countries @DrTedros#trans#humanrightshttps://t.co/TioLGX8OWp
— Meg Davis (aka Sara) (@saralmdavis) May 28, 2019
Jack Drescher, a psychiatrist whose work deals with sexuality and gender, added:
There is substantial evidence that the stigma associated with the intersection of transgender status and mental disorders contributes to precarious legal status, human rights violations and barriers to appropriate health care for this population.
The change to the mental disorders list is certainly a milestone for the LGBTQ+ community!
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Emily Brown first began delivering important news stories aged just 13, when she launched her career with a paper round. She graduated with a BA Hons in English Language in the Media from Lancaster University, and went on to become a freelance writer and blogger. Emily contributed to The Sunday Times Travel Magazine and Student Problems before becoming a journalist at UNILAD, where she works on breaking news as well as longer form features.