At the peak of his state, the Maratha empire stretched from Tanjavur [Tamil Nadu] to [in Pakistan] the Attock.
In a way, the Maratha Empire arranged for nominal chief [Chhatrapati] and the real chief [Peshwa / Prime Minister], especially after Chhatrapati Shahu Maharaj (granddaughter of Shivaji Maharaj).
Maratha were master of guirella war and they defeated many enemies with this strategy. Mughal could not ever defeat the Maratha empire.
At some point, Maratha empire was a union of states like Peshwa in Pune, Shinde / Scindia in Gwalior, Bhosale in Nagpur, Gaekwad in Baroda, Holkar etc. in Indore.
The third battle of Panipat (1761) made the Marathas very weak, but later the Marathas won Delhi (1771-72) and Mahadji Shinde kept the Mughal emperor only as puppet.
After the rebellion of 1857, Lord Canning (Viceroy) wrote that "If Scindhia of Gwalior helped the rebels, it would probably be end our affairs."
Today, there is an estimate that some people in Balochistan [Pakistan] are descendants of Marathas who were caught in the battle of Panipat. They still adhere to some traditions of Marathas.
Marathas are famous for their loyalty and their "juban". Many Maratha warriors and commanders got death to keep their words.
Agriculture is the main profession of Marathas today. There are also some prominent political leaders of this community.
Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj is like God for the Maratha people.
Made In 1768, the Maratha Light Infantry in the Indian Army is the senior most infantry regiment of the army, whose sound is "Bol, Jai of Shri Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj".
Today the descendants of Shivaji Maharaj are members of the Parliament (Uday Raje and Sambhaji Raje). The descendants of Scindia of Gwalior are still prominent leaders (Jyotiraditya Scindia and Vasundhara Raje).
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