We have gathered some of those interesting facts; let’s start with shorter and quicker facts about world war II.
1. World War II was a battle between two groups; Axis and Allies. Major Axis powers were Germany, Japan, and Italy, while the Allies were Britain, France, Russia, China and Later America.
2. It was the bloodiest and most destructive war in the history of mankind. According to an estimate, about 4.5 million people died in the Siege of Leningrad, fought between German forces and the Red Army on the Eastern Front.
3. The Battle of Berlin took close to 1.3 million lives.
4. Over 160,000 Allied airmen were killed in strategic bombing campaigns during World War II.
5. A Polish Catholic midwife named Stanisława Leszczyńska delivered over 3,000 babies at the Auschwitz concentration camp during the Holocaust in Poland.
6. About 80% of all Soviet males born during 1923 died in World War II.
7. Germany lost as much as 110 division commanders during the war.
8. More than 80 commanders in the German ranks were executed by Hitler himself.
9. The US 8th Air Force shot down 6,098 fighter planes, 1 for every 12,700 shots fired.
10. The longest battle of WWII was the Battle of the Atlantic, which lasted all the way from September 1939 to May 1945.
11. Allied Bombers Dropped Nearly 3 Million Tonnes of Bombs During The Entire War
Between 1939-1945, the Allied bombers dropped nearly 3 million tonnes of bombs over different parts of Europe. According to an estimate, about half-a-million civilians in Germany died from Allied bombing campaigns. Large German cities like Cologne, Dusseldorf, and Hamburg were affected the most.
12. On 11th May 1940, The RAF Bombed A Civilian Target For The First Time In This War
The British RAF bombed the German city of Mönchengladbach on the evening of 11 May 1940. Unfortunately, it was the first intentional aerial bombing on cities or civilian areas from either side.
13. German Bombing Efforts Were More Concentrated Towards The East
From 25 June 1941 to December 1941, the Germans dropped about 100,000 tonnes of bombs on the Soviet Union, almost completely destroying large cities like Stalingrad, Sevastapol, and Minsk.
For the next two years, from January 1942 to December 1943 the Luftwaffe continued their bombing campaign on the Eastern Front, dropping more than 650,000 tonnes of bombs.
14. Germans Believed Their Encrypted Communications Were Impenetrable.
In the mid-twentieth century, German high command believed that their encrypted communications were impenetrable to the allies.
The so-called Enigma machine was even feared by the allies because without intercepting the signals it was almost impossible to stop German ships from attacking allied vessels in the Pacific.
15. Alan Turing Did The “Impossible”
In 1939, Alan Turing along with several others devised Bombe, an electro-mechanical device used to decipher the intercepted Enigma encrypted secret messages at GC&CS headquarters, Bletchley Park.
The Bombe was a substantial improvement over the Polish Bomba, a device that had been devised in 1938 by a Polish cryptologist Marian Rejewski. The British Bombe was more reliable and fast.
16. The First American Soldier Killed In The War Was By The Germans
Captain Robert M. Losey, who was serving as a military attache at that time, was killed on April 21, 1940, during the German bombing in Norway. Captain Losey’s death is considered to be the first American military fatality in the War.
17. The Youngest Person To Serve The U.S Navy Was Just 12 Years Old
The youngest servicemen to serve the United States Navy in the Second World War was a 12 years old named Calvin Leon Graham. He joined in U.S Navy on August 15, 1942, a few months after the Pearl Harbor attack.
During his service, Graham was awarded the Purple Heart and Bronze Star Medal, both of which were revoked after he was released in 1943 for lying about his age. He eventually received an honorable discharge in 1978.
18. The First Thing General George S. Patton And Winston Churchill Did After Landing On German Soil Was Pee In The River Rhine
When allied armies reached the battle line in Germany, the first thing the officials did was pee. In 1945, General George S. Patton reached Rhine River and he did urinate in the river and made sure he was photographed doing so.
During the same period, Winston Churchill also performed a-like wise action by urinating in the Rhine. General Alan Brooke, chief of the Imperial General Staff, who was with Churchill that day, later wrote:
19. The German Cruiser Admiral Graf Spee Was Never Sunk By The Royal Navy
The much-celebrated German Cruiser Admiral Graf Spee was never sunk by the British Royal Navy. The ship was intentionally scuttled by its commander Hans Langsdorff near the port at Montevideo after it suffered heavy damages in the battle of River Plate.
20. The Battle of Stalingrad Was Perhaps The Bloodiest Battle In The Entire War
The Battle of Stalingrad (1942-1943) resulted in more Russian deaths, both military and civilian, than all the American and British fatalities in this war combined. The German defeat in Stalingrad at the hands of the Red Army is without a doubt one of the major turning points in World War II.
21. One Of Hitler’s Relative Served In The U.S Navy During The World War II
Adolf Hitler’s nephew, William Patrick Stuart-Houston migrated in the United States with his mother in 1939 and was later drafted to serve the U.S Navy. He was discharged two years after the end of the world war in 1947.